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Founded in 1907 Nanjing Library went through Chinese feudal dynasties, Chinese democratic revolution and the founding of new China. It witnessed greatest changes that took place in modern China and by itself gives vivid illustration to one-century history of modern China.
So far NL has experienced 6 periods as following:

Jiangnan Library
In 1907 Duan Fang, governor of Liangjinag Area (including Jiangsu Province, Anhui Province and JiangXi Province) built Jiangnan Library on the site of Xiyin Academy at Long Paili ,Nanjing in order to store precious books and scrolls of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties and turned it to be the earliest public library of China. Miao Quansun a famous Chinese bibliophile was appointed to be chief librarian.

Library of Chinese Studies, National Central University
In 1927, during the time of the Republic of China, University District System was borrowed from Europe and adopted in Zhejiang and Jiangsu Provinces. According to this system Jiangnan Library was put under the administration of the Fourth Zhongshan University and became Library of Chinese Studies, the Fourth Zhongshan University until in May 1928 it’s renamed Library of Chinese Studies, National Central University. Liu Yizheng, a master of Chinese studies, served as chief librarian.

Jiangsu Provincial Library of Chinese Studies
In October 1929, since University District System was abolished, the library was put under the Department of Education of Jiangsu Province and renamed Jiangsu Provincial Library of Chinese Studies.

National Central Library
In 1933 the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China built the National Central Library on Chengxian Street in Nanjing. Forced to move several times due to the Anti-Japan War and the Civil War, National Central Library survived. Jiang Fucong, a famous Chinese scholar served as chief librarian. At the end of 1948 when Kuomintang Government planned to retreat to Taiwan, Jiang Fucong took about 130,000 volumes of rare books to Taiwan under orders. In May 1949, the library was handed over to the Nanjing Military Control Commission.

National Nanjing Library
On March 19, 1950, National Central Library was renamed by the Ministry of Culture as National Nanjing Library and put under the joint management of the Bureau of Cultural Relics, the Ministry of Culture and the Department of Culture of East China Military and Civil Administration Commission. He Changqun was appointed as chief librarian. In October 1952, National Nanjing Library merged with Jiangsu Provincial Library of Chinese Studies.

Nanjing Library
In 1954, the government of Jiangsu Province was set up to replace the East China Military and Civil Administration Commission. Since Jiangsu Province needed a provincial library, the Ministry of Culture renamed the National Nanjing Library to Nanjing Library in July 1954 and put it directly under the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Culture. Wang Changbing was deputy-chief librarian and later on chief librarian.

Images of Former Librarians


缪荃孙 

 

Miao Quansun

served from 1907 to 1909 as Chief Librarian of Jiangnan Library

 

 

 

 

Liu Yizheng

served from 1927 to 1949 as Chief Lirarian of Jiangsu Provincial Library of Chinese Studies

 

 

 

 

Jiang Fucong

served from 1940 to 1949 as Chief Librarian of National Central Library

 

 

 

 

He Changqun

served from 1950 to 1954 as Chief Librarian of National Nanjing Library

 

 

 

 

Wang Changbin

served from 1957 to 1966 and from 1979 to 1984 as Chief Libarian of Nanjing Library


 

 


 
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